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The signs of pregnancy are the changes a woman experiences in the days and weeks after conception. Listed below are the most common symptoms of pregnancy and their other possible causes. If you have five or more of these symptoms, you may be pregnant. However, some pregnant women experience only a few of these symptoms, while others experience all of them.
Amenorrhea. Absence of your monthly period. Other possible causes: weight gain or loss, hormonal problems, tension, stress, breast-feeding, discontinuing birth control pills or birth control injections.
Morning sickness. Nausea and queasiness usually experienced in the morning, but sometimes during the entire day. Thought to be caused by a high level of the pregnancy hormone human chronic gonadotropin (HCG) in the blood, rapid stretching of the uterine muscles, excess acid in the stomach, and an enhanced sense of smell. Morning sickness usually starts two to eight weeks after conception. Other possible causes: food poisoning, tension, infection, gall bladder disease, other diseases.
Tender, swollen breasts. Caused by an increased amount of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. This is rarely accompanied by nipple discharge (galactorrhea). Breast tenderness usually begins a few days after conception. Other possible causes: birth control pills, beginning of period, fibrocystic breast condition.
Darkening of the areolas, the skin around the nipples. The bumps on areolas (called Montgomery’s tubercles) may look more prominent. These changes happen gradually during the first few weeks of pregnancy, as your breasts prepare to produce milk. Other possible causes: hormonal imbalance, prior pregnancy, tanning, the physical changes of puberty.
Frequent urination. Caused by an increased volume of body fluids and pressure from the growing uterus. This usually starts six to eight weeks after conception. Other possible causes: urinary tract infection, diuretics, tension, diabetes, drinking excess fluid.
Fatigue. Caused by high levels of the hormone progesterone and the body’s increased use of energy as the fetus develops. This usually appears during the first trimester. Other possible causes: tension, stress, depression, poor diet, flu, lack of exercise, poor sleep or lack of sleep.
Bleeding. Spotting of blood that’s pink or brown in color, sometimes accompanied by stomach cramps. Caused by the egg implanting itself in the endometrial lining. Usually occurs about a week after ovulation. Other possible causes: beginning of period, breakthrough bleeding from the pill.
How should I avoid hazardous or harmful items, if it is risky for my baby?
Alcohol during pregnancy
Mental and physical birth defect causes abnormalities in a developing fetus due to alcohol. It may seem harmless to have a glass of wine at dinner or a mug of beer out with friends but consumption of large quantity of alcohol leads to problematic situation during pregnancy. Its better to avoid drinking during the pregnancy time rather having unwanted complications.
Miscarriage can be one of the cause due to caffeine. Pregnant women have to cut down the intake more than 150 mg a day is safe more than that amount go to higher risk
Life threatening food borne diseases like listeriosis, toxoplasmosis and salmonella leads to miscarriage and also cause damage to the developing brain of fetus because they contain high level of mercury which is not good during pregnancy time for the baby. Uncooked fish, raw meat, unpasteurized milk, juices etc are not to be taken. Healthy fish meat properly cooked and the food which contains high quantity of proteins, carbohydrates are preferred at that time.
Before taking any kind of medicine one should first consult the doctor. The other common medicines are sometimes safe which has potential effects on fetus or babies. Certain prescription medication can also cause problem to the developing baby. Many herbal remedies are harmless but slow in process but much safer to use during pregnancy period. During pregnancy if you feel discomfort like backache etc then you must consult the doctor so as to avoid further complication if arise.
The problems which can arise due to smoking are SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome), prematurity, Asthma or respiratory problems etc by which it passes nicotine and carbon monoxide to the developing baby or fetus. Mother to be having to quit smoking if they want healthier baby.
Artificial Sweeteners (Sugar Substitutes)
Artificial sweetener can cause birth defects and illnesses ranging from multiple sclerosis to Parkinson’s disease. Mother should avoid aspartame if you or your partner has a rare hereditary disease called phenylketonuria (PKU), in which the body can’t break down the compound phenylalanine, which is found in aspartame. In rare occasion mother can take the low moderation
Mood swings, anxiety, unexplained crying and irritability are all caused by the hormonal changes taking place, as well as the lack of sleep.
This usually happens between the second and tenth day after birth. These feelings are normal and pass quickly.
Go ahead and cry- don’t try to keep your feelings in. Talk to someone about your feelings your partner, friend or nurse. Be realistic. Don’t try too much.
You and your baby come first. Housework and entertaining can wait.
If you don’t feel better about life by two weeks after delivery, call your doctor, midwife or public health unit for help. Approximately 10 – 20% of all mothers develop postpartum depression. This is quite different from the “baby blues”.
Signs and symptoms of postpartum depression include:
- Strong feeling of sadness or guilt
- Difficulty sleeping even when tried
- Crying all the time
- Sleeping all of the time, even when the baby is awake
- Unable to eat, even when hungry
- Not able to eat because of poor appetite or feeling unwell
- Worrying about the baby too much
- Panic attacks
- Feelings of anger toward the baby
- Thoughts about harming the baby or yourself
If you have any of these signs, get help right away.
Breast milk is recognized as the best source of nutrition for babies. Breast milk is higher in protein, chloride, calcium, sodium, iron and nitrogen. Human milk provides all the protein, sugar, fat, vitamins and specials benefits that babies need to be healthy because human milk contains protective substances that are not found in formula milk, these protective substances helps to protect babies against certain diseases and infections. Babies don’t have allergies to the milk produce by their mother as they do react to something the mother eats. This problem could be eliminating if the mother remove that particular foods from her diets. For example, smoking can cause vomiting and diarrhea, breast feeding mothers should not smoke.
How it is produced?
During pregnancy, the pregnant woman body increases the production of a hormone called prolactin that stimulates breasts cells to increase breast milk production. When she start to nurse, the amount of prolactin her body produce also increases. It is worth noting that the breast size does not control the amount of milk produced. The production of milk is controlled by the baby nursing. The more a mother nurse, the more milk her body will produce.
Babies benefits breast feeding in the following ways:
- Breast milk is natural for babies.
- Breast fed infants tends to have a lower rate of ear infections, diarrhea, allergies, and rashes than you give other milk products.
- Breast milk is easier to absorb and digest.
- Breast milk contains antibodies that help babies to fight infections.
- Breast milk doesn’t need to be prepared and is always available at the right temperature.
- It is harder to get milk out of a breast than a bottle so the babies have to work harder at sucking at the breast which promotes good jaw development.
- A closeness creates a bond between the mother and her baby
Mother benefits by breast feeding:
- Breast feeding burns more calories which will help you to get your pre-pregnancy weight back more quickly.
- It helps the uterus to contract to its regular size more quickly.
- It reduces the risk of ovarian cancer and breast cancer.
- It builds bone strength to protect against older age bone fractures.
- It delay the return on menstrual period (may help to extends the time frame between pregnancies)
Breast Feeding Disadvantages:
- In early weeks, your nipple may become sore or cracked.
- When your breast is full of milk, it may become hard and painful.
- You must wear clothing that allows you to nurse everywhere and changing your diets to avoid foods that may irritate your baby.
Duration of Breast Feed
Breast feeding benefits both the mother and her babies, it is important to breast feed your baby as long as possible (1 year or even longer). Although 1 year is recommended, some women choose to breast feed for six months. How long you choose is a very individual choice. All women have to keep in mind that some breast milk is better than none at all. When your baby starts to teeth it may be difficult to breast feed. This can be solving by expressing breast milk to give to your baby. Breast milk can be efficiently and effectively expressed using a breast pump.
While the baby is in the womb it starts to learn about its environment after about six months of pregnancy when it is capable of hearing external sounds. When it comes to external environment, you are in a position to have some influence even from the early stage of development. Music is proven stimulation to babies which stimulates their brain and senses. The volume of music if its loud then she can hear clear and react inside and mother feels the joy of pain. Later after the birth of the baby, when the same music is played she would be reacting to it as good as per the musical tastes.
The main aim we are telling here is that the babies should get familiar with the outside world environment… The other noise where babies can react is vacuum cleaner, Mixer grinder, etc Every minute, there are new brain cells being formed in the unborn child. And as the new brain cells are being formed, pathways or circuits are being formed along the lines that help assist communication for whatever the child the needs. For example, the child will obviously need to breathe, the child will need to move when he is born, the eyelids will need to open and close; so all these organs and all the nervous tissue that supply these organs has to start developing long before birth.
Tips to shape your child’s future:
1. Converse with your unborn baby one of the simplest ways for you to do that is to start communicating with your baby as if he or she is already present with you. Treat your baby as a conscious being. Begin talking, singing or even humming to your baby. This will help them get used to your voice and begin to recognize language formations.
2. Think about your baby. Although your baby is not physically present with you at this moment, you can still think about him now and about the time when you would meet soon. Your baby will be able to sense your loving thoughts and this will provide him with a sense of comfort, love and stability.
3. Use daily experiences to prepare your baby for life after birth The prenatal experience is all about preparing your baby for life after birth. So it is only fitting that you use normal, everyday experiences to share with your baby. It is all about showing your baby your lifestyle and the world that he will be born into. Make an experience out of the little activities in your daily life. Talk about your experiences to your baby no matter how mundane or ordinary it may seem to you.
Remember, what seems ordinary to you is certainly not ordinary for your baby