Infertility is one of the problems encountered by couples, which sometimes causes dilemmas in most relationships such as infidelity and divorce. Artificial insemination is commonly used for infertile couples who have partners with low sperm motility or low sperm count and for the benefit of women without partners like lesbians and single women. Artificial insemination is used to treat infertility but success rates cannot be assured.
Artificial insemination is the most convenient and less expensive treatment for infertility. Most men with infertility problem are given ample time to think and decide if they will undergo the treatment. This method will increase the probability of pregnancy for infertile couple with unexplained fertility diagnosis. The only disadvantage of artificial insemination is the unpredictable period of insemination. This will solely depend on the ovulation period of the woman.
Before undergoing the procedure (AI), the physician would usually prescribe fertility medications to induce ovulation and enhance the effects of the treatment. The physician uses an ultrasound to determine the woman’s ovulation period. In doing so, the doctor will have a definite time to insert the sperm into the cervix or the uterus. The couple goes to the clinic on the day of ovulation. The male partner usually masturbates to eject the amount of sperm required. The sperms undergo “washing”. Washing is the process of removing any chemicals like prostaglandin which may cause discomfort to the woman before the AI. After which, the doctor will ask you to come back to the clinic for another session. A woman may typically undergo three to six cycles to achieve impregnation.
Artificial insemination has two common types – the intracervical insemination which is the injection of sperm into the cervix or the fornix where the sperm is stored after ejaculation. This is the most simple and less invasive type of insemination. The intrauterine insemination is the process of injecting the washed sperm into the uterus. The sperm should essentially be washed to prevent contraction of the uterus.
Artificial insemination does not assure 100% effectiveness. There are criteria which contribute to the success of this treatment. The health status and the age of the couple are essential to achieve success. The success rate of artificial insemination is 5 to 20%. If you undergo intracervical insemination (ICI), there is a 5% success rate. On the other hand, if you wish to undergo intrauterine insemination (IUI), there is 20% success rate especially when you drink your fertility medications regularly.