Breast milk is recognized as the best source of nutrition for babies. Breast milk is higher in protein, chloride, calcium, sodium, iron and nitrogen. Human milk provides all the protein, sugar, fat, vitamins and specials benefits that babies need to be healthy because human milk contains protective substances that are not found in formula milk, these protective substances helps to protect babies against certain diseases and infections. Babies don’t have allergies to the milk produce by their mother as they do react to something the mother eats. This problem could be eliminating if the mother remove that particular foods from her diets. For example, smoking can cause vomiting and diarrhea, breast feeding mothers should not smoke.
How it is produced?
During pregnancy, the pregnant woman body increases the production of a hormone called prolactin that stimulates breasts cells to increase breast milk production. When she start to nurse, the amount of prolactin her body produce also increases. It is worth noting that the breast size does not control the amount of milk produced. The production of milk is controlled by the baby nursing. The more a mother nurse, the more milk her body will produce.
Babies benefits breast feeding in the following ways:
- Breast milk is natural for babies.
- Breast fed infants tends to have a lower rate of ear infections, diarrhea, allergies, and rashes than you give other milk products.
- Breast milk is easier to absorb and digest.
- Breast milk contains antibodies that help babies to fight infections.
- Breast milk doesn’t need to be prepared and is always available at the right temperature.
- It is harder to get milk out of a breast than a bottle so the babies have to work harder at sucking at the breast which promotes good jaw development.
- A closeness creates a bond between the mother and her baby
Mother benefits by breast feeding:
- Breast feeding burns more calories which will help you to get your pre-pregnancy weight back more quickly.
- It helps the uterus to contract to its regular size more quickly.
- It reduces the risk of ovarian cancer and breast cancer.
- It builds bone strength to protect against older age bone fractures.
- It delay the return on menstrual period (may help to extends the time frame between pregnancies)
Breast Feeding Disadvantages:
- In early weeks, your nipple may become sore or cracked.
- When your breast is full of milk, it may become hard and painful.
- You must wear clothing that allows you to nurse everywhere and changing your diets to avoid foods that may irritate your baby.
Duration of Breast Feed
Breast feeding benefits both the mother and her babies, it is important to breast feed your baby as long as possible (1 year or even longer). Although 1 year is recommended, some women choose to breast feed for six months. How long you choose is a very individual choice. All women have to keep in mind that some breast milk is better than none at all. When your baby starts to teeth it may be difficult to breast feed. This can be solving by expressing breast milk to give to your baby. Breast milk can be efficiently and effectively expressed using a breast pump.