Infertility is a reproductive problem encountered by some couples nowadays. Many infertile couples eventually experience insecurities and incompetence especially those who are wishing to be parents. In the advent of modern science, many treatments were established to enhance the probability of pregnancy in most infertile couples. One of which is the use of fertility drugs.
Types and Uses of Fertility Drugs
Fertility drugs are medication used to induce pregnancy. These drugs are especially designed to improve the production of hormones responsible for ovulation in women and spermatogenesis (production of sperm) in men.
A common infertility problem encountered by women is decrease in production or failure to produce egg cells. This is due to the decrease in production of gonadotropic hormones which is composed of the follicle-stimulating hormones (FSH) responsible for the maturation of the ovum and the luteinizing
hormone (LH) which is responsible for ovulation. Clomide Citrate is the drug, which is the counterpart of FSH and LH. Besides inducing ovulation, it also enhances production of sperm in males with low sperm count.
Another drug which enhances ovulation is menotropin (pergonal). This is also known as the Human menopausal gonadotropin. They have been taken out from the menopausal woman’s urine sample which contains FSH and LH. Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) is combined with menotropin to potentiate the effects of the latter drug to induce ovulation.
Some women have abnormalities in the production of FSH. Most physicians prescribe them with Urofollitropin (Metrodin). This drug usually contains only FSH. This is indicated to women with polycystic ovary syndrome. As a side effect, women often have multiple ovum production every month resulting in multiple pregnancies.
Progestin or Progesterone, which is also known as the” hormone of the mother”, is another drug used to treat infertility. Progesterone stimulates the anterior pituitary gland to secrete hormones which thickens the uterine wall in preparation for implantation. As the fertilized ovum is released from the fallopian tube, it needs to attach to the uterine lining and begin to form germ layers which eventually will become the essential organs of the fetus. This drug is indicated to those women who have habitual miscarriages.
Other fertility drugs are especially produced for men with low sperm count or low sperm motility. Proxeed is a drug used to treat oligospermia but there are few reports to provide evidences of cure.
Fertility drugs can really induce pregnancy, but make sure that you use a drug that is prescribed by your physician. Dedication and conscientiously drinking these medications will give a better chance of having pregnancy and living your life as a parent.